Posts Tagged ‘Reliance of the Traveler’

Spread by the Sword

September 22, 2008

OIC Statement by Ambassador Masood Khan on “Incitement to Racial and Religious Hatred and the Promotion of Tolerance” at The Human Rights Council, Geneva, 21 September 2006

Two, Islam was not spread by the sword. There is no coercion in Islam. The Quran enjoins: “There is no compulsion in religion.” (2:256). This is a grund norm in Islam. The Qur’an summons people to peace and says if you kill one innocent person it is like you have killed the entire humanity (5:32). There are instances in history where converts have been discouraged from embracing Islam if they were not fully convinced and were not doing so of their free will.

  1. Two, Islam was not spread by the sword.
    1. How was it spread?
    2. Why is it that every nation having the suffix istan appended to its name was conquered by the armies of Islam?
    3. Why is there a ‘Book’ of Jihad in each of the four major  hadith collections?
    4. Why do both Hilali & Khan [2:190] and al-Misri [Reliance of the Traveler O9.0] declare that Islam is established by Jihad?
      1. By Jihad Islam is established, Allah’s word is made superior, (his word being La ilaha illallah which means none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and his Religion (Islam) is propagated. …
      2. Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada signifying warfare to establish the religion…
  2. There is no coercion in Islam. The Quran enjoins: “There is no compulsion in religion.” (2:256).
    1. No Compulsion in Religion [Ibn Kathir's Tafsir]
    2. Abu Dawud Book 14, Number 2676:

      Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

      When the children of a woman (in pre-Islamic days) did not survive, she took a vow on herself that if her child survives, she would convert it a Jew. When Banu an-Nadir were expelled (from Arabia), there were some children of the Ansar (Helpers) among them. They said: We shall not leave our children. So Allah the Exalted revealed; “Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error.”

    3. Sahih  Bukhari Volume 6, Book 60, Number 80:

      Narrated Abu Huraira:

      The Verse:–“You (true Muslims) are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind.” means, the best of peoples for the people, as you bring them with chains on their necks till they embrace Islam.

    4. Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4380: …I extend to you the invitation to accept Islam. Embrace Islam and you will be safe. Accept Islam, God will give you double the reward. And if you turn away, upon you will be the sin of your subjects.”  …
    5. Sahih Bukhari Volume 9, Book 92, Number 447: …Allah’s Apostle then said to them, “That is what I want; embrace Islam and you will be safe.” They said, “You have conveyed the message, O Aba-al-Qasim.” Allah’s Apostle then said to them, “That is what I want,” and repeated his words for the third time and added, “Know that the earth is for Allah and I want to exile you from this land, so whoever among you has property he should sell it, otherwise, know that the land is for Allah and His Apostle.”
    6. LETTER TO KHUSRO PERWEZ, EMPEROR OF FARS

      In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

      From Muhammad, Prophet of Allah to Kisra, King of Fars

      May peace be on him who follows the guidance, believes in Allah and his Prophet. I testify that there:is none worthy of worship except Allah, who is alone and without an associate and Muhammad is His Servant and Prophet. Allah has made me a Prophet and sent me for the entire world, in order that I may infuse the fear of Allah in every living person. Accept Islam and be secure. If you refuse, the sins of all the Zoroastrians shall be your responsibility.

  3. The Quran summons people to peace and says if you kill one innocent person it is like you have killed the entire humanity (5:32).
    1. Consider the succeeding verse Surah Al-Ma’idah 33
      1. 5:33. The recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in the Hereafter.
        1. What is the meaning of “wage war against Allah and His Messenger”?
          1. …Wage war’ mentioned here means, oppose and contradict, and it includes disbelief, blocking roads and spreading fear in the fairways… The Punishment of those Who Cause Mischief in the Land [Ibn Kathir's Tafsir]

Mere disbelief in Allah is sufficient to subject Kuffar to the penalties listed in Al-Ma’idah 33. Why don’t Muslims and their apologists quote that ayeh to us?

Consider Moe’s extortion letters.

  • Embrace Islam and you will be safe
  • Accept Islam and be secure
  • May peace be on him who follows the guidance

What if I don’t embrace/accept Islam? I won’t be safe or secure, will I? Peace on him who follows the guidance; what’s on one who refuses–war? Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 53, Number 386 tells us what hapened to Persia: it  was invaded.

Moe told his generals to invite Kuffar to Islam and fight them if they refused. Clearly Islam’s canon of scripture, tradition & jurisprudence proves Ambassador Masood Khan to be a liar.

Moe’s Legacy of Violence

September 20, 2008

OIC Statement by Ambassador Masood Khan on “Incitement to Racial and Religious Hatred and the Promotion of Tolerance” at The Human Rights Council, Geneva, 21 September 2006

First the immediate context. Pope Benedict XVI’s recent speech in Regensburg University has led to protests in the Muslim world. His quotation from the 14th century Byzantine Emperor, Manuel II Paleologos, has deeply hurt the sensibilities of the Muslim all over the world. Since then we are reassured that the Pope has expressed regrets, distanced himself from the quotation from the emperor and given an invitation for frank dialogue, with mutual respect.

Unfortunately, that is not the end of the story because the Pope’s remarks have ignited a controversy about the true message of the Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) and Islam. The Pope’s qualified and carefully worded apology, if it can be called one, or the Vatican’s clarification gives the impression that the Muslims have not fully understood the intent and reasoning behind the papal lecture. The irony is that they have.

The Emperor’s quotation is based on three elements: allegation against the Prophet’s legacy; a statement that Islam was spread by the sword; and a derivation that there is a nexus between violence and Islam and violence in Jihad.

The Ambassador takes up the three elements individually.

  1. Moe’s legacy.

One, the Prophet’s legacy is one of peace and amity; not of strife or war. He  was a peace-maker and a peace-builder.

Is that statement objectively true? Leaving the Qur’an aside for the moment as Allah’s legacy, not Moe’s, lets consider the Hadith which are Islam’s oral tradition of Moe’s legacy.

Was Moe a man of peace?

  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 8, Number 387:
    Narrated Anas bin Malik:
    Allah’s Apostle said, “I have been ordered to fight the people till they say: ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.’ And if they say so, pray like our prayers, face our Qibla and slaughter as we slaughter, then their blood and property will be sacred to us and we will not interfere with them except legally and their reckoning will be with Allah.” Narrated Maimun ibn Siyah that he asked Anas bin Malik, “O Abu Hamza! What makes the life and property of a person sacred?” He replied, “Whoever says, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah’, faces our Qibla during the prayers, prays like us and eats our slaughtered animal, then he is a Muslim, and has got the same rights and obligations as other Muslims have.”
  • Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4327:
    The spoils of war were not made lawful for any people before us, This is because Allah saw our weakness and humility and made them lawful for us.
  • Sahih Bukhari Volume 4, Book 52, Number 54:
    Narrated Abu Huraira:
    The Prophet said, “By Him in Whose Hands my life is! Were it not for some men amongst the believers who dislike to be left behind me and whom I cannot provide with means of conveyance, I would certainly never remain behind any Sariya’ (army-unit) setting out in Allah’s Cause. By Him in Whose Hands my life is! I would love to be martyred in Al1ah’s Cause and then get resurrected and then get martyred, and then get resurrected again and then get martyred and then get resurrected again and then get martyred.
  • Sahih Muslim Book 019, Number 4294:
    It has been reported from Sulaiman b. Buraid through his father that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) appointed anyone as leader of an army or detachment he would especially exhort him to fear Allah and to be good to the Muslims who were with him. He would say: Fight in the name of Allah and in the way of Allah. Fight against those who disbelieve in Allah. Make a holy war, do not embezzle the spoils; do not break your pledge; and do not mutilate (the dead) bodies; do not kill the children. When you meet your enemies who are polytheists invite them to three courses of action. If they respond to any one of these, you also accept it and withold yourself from doing them any harm. Invite them to (accept) Islam; if they respond to you, accept it from them and desist from fighting against them. Then invite them to migrate from their lands to the land of Muhairs and inform them that, if they do so, they shall have all the privileges and obligations of the Muhajirs. If they refuse to migrate, tell them that they will have the status of Bedouin Muilims and will be subjected to the Commands of Allah like other Muslims, but they will not get any share from the spoils of war or Fai’ except when they actually fight with the Muslims (against the disbelievers). If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizya. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. If they refuse to pay the tax, seek Allah’s help and fight them...

If you imagine that I have cherry picked selections to make Moe look bad, click the link to the Book of Jihad in Malik’s Muwatta and read the section heading. The saying quoted below reveals Moe’s true nature; for this reason it has been Bowdlerized from most of the on line collections.

Bukhari  Ch 61 # 2756: …It is mentioned from Ibn ‘Umar from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “My provision has been placed under the shadow of my spear, and abasement and humility have been placed on the one who disobeys my command.

Those are not the sentiments of a man of peace; that is the attitude of a pirate, not a prophet.

  1. Islam was spread by the sword

The footnotes to 2:190 the Hilali & Khan translation are informative.

Al-Jihad (holy fighting) in Allah’s cause (with full force of numbers and weaponry) is given the utmost importance in Islam and is one of its pillars (on which it stands). By Jihad Islam is established, Allah’s word is made superior, (his word being La ilaha illallah which means none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and his Religion (Islam) is propagated. …

[Note: the Qur’an Complex English translation is not being displayed. If you desire to verify the quote, you can download the pdf version  from http://abdurrahman.org/qurantafseer/muhsinkhan.pdf. [29.5MB] Turn to Pg. 52 of the pdf and scroll down toward the bottom of the page. ]

If Islam was not propagated militarily then explain the prominent place of conquests in this table of contents of Islamic history.

  1. and a derivation that there is a nexus between violence and Islam and violence in Jihad

Hilali & Khan stretched matters a bit with their claim that Jihad is a pillar of Islam; it is not in the recognized list. Note their definition, in the foot note quoted above. Compare it to the definition found in Sharia.

The Reliance of the Traveller. Version 1.06 – By Ahmad Ibn Naqib Al-Misri
BOOK O: JUSTICE >> Chapter O-9.0: Jihad


Chapter O-9.0: Jihad
(O: Jihad means to war against non-Muslims, and is etymologically derived from the word mujahada signifying warfare to establish the religion. And it is the lesser jihad. As for the greater jihad, it is spiritual warfare against the lower self (nafs), which is why the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said as he was returning from jihad.
“We have returned from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad.”
The scriptural basis for jihad, prior to scholarly consensus (def: b-7) is such Koranic verses as:
1- “Fighting is prescribed for you” (Koran 2:216);
2- “Slay them wherever you find them” (Koran 4:89);
3- “Fight the idolators utterly” (Koran 9:36);
and such hadiths as the one related by Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) said:
“I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and perform the prayer, and pay zakat. If they say it, they have saved their blood and possessions from me, except for the rights of Islam over them. And their final reckoning is with Allah”;
and the hadith reported by Muslim,
“To go forth in the morning or evening to fight in the path of Allah is better than the whole world and everything in it.”Details concerning jihad are found in the accounts of the military expeditions of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), including his own martial forays and those on which he dispatched others. The former consist of the ones he personally attended, some twenty-seven (others say twenty-nine) of them. He fought in eight of them, and killed only one person with his noble hand, Ubayy ibn Khalaf, at the battle of Uhud. On the latter expeditions he sent others to fight, himself remaining at Medina, and these were forty-seven in number.) [Emphasis & links added.]

Now it is established, by Islamic law, that Jihad is warfare to establish the religion.  What is the the connection between Islam and violence? To fully comprehend it, you should read the entire Qur’an. Three Surhas, 8, 9 & 48 are particularly significant, but violence runs throughout the book, in 164 verses.

Jihad is mandatory, not optional.

  • 2:216. Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.

The penalty for shirking is extreme: eternity in Hell fire.

  • 9:39. If you march not forth, He will punish you with a painful torment and will replace you by another people, and you cannot harm Him at all, and Allah is Able to do all things.

Jihad is the key to salvation.

  • 64:10.  O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment.
  • 64:11.  That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know!
  • 64:12. (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of ‘Adn ­ Eternity ['Adn (Edn) Paradise], that is indeed the great success.
  • 64:13. And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love, help from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) to the believers.

Is there any violence? Is fighting violence? Do killing & wounding involve violence?

  • 9:29. Fight against those who (1) believe not in Allah, (2) nor in the Last Day, (3) nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (4) and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islam) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.
  • 47:4. So, when you meet (in fight Jihad in Allah’s Cause), those who disbelieve smite at their necks till when you have killed and wounded many of them, then bind a bond firmly (on them, i.e. take them as captives). Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i.e. free them without ransom), or ransom (according to what benefits Islam), until the war lays down its burden. Thus [you are ordered by Allah to continue in carrying out Jihad against the disbelievers till they embrace Islam (i.e. are saved from the punishment in the Hell-fire) or at least come under your protection], but if it had been Allah’s Will, He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you). But (He lets you fight), in order to test you, some with others. But those who are killed in the Way of Allah, He will never let their deeds be lost,

Did any truth pass the lips of  Ambassador Masood Khan when he spoke to the HRC? I doubt it, he was off to a very dishonest start.

Snake Shit!

September 18, 2008

Combating Intolerance and Discrimination against Muslims a presentation by Ambassador Hemayet Uddin
On page 7 of the screed, we encounter more turgid text.

Islam does not contradict other faiths such as Christianity and Judaism. It recognizes and accepts Jesus and Moses as Prophets of Islam also, it accepts the Immaculate Birth and it complements these two faiths by revealing the ultimate truth.

The snake has slithered from its crypt and crapped.

  • Islam does not contradict other faiths such as Christianity and Judaism.

  • 2:41. And believe in what I have sent down (this Qur’an), confirming that which is with you, [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], and be not the first to disbelieve therein, and buy not with My Verses [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] a small price (i.e. getting a small gain by selling My Verses), and fear Me and Me Alone. (Tafsir At-Tabarî, Vol. I, Page 253).

Jesus Christ:

If that is confirmation, not contradiction, then someone has corrupted Modern English beyond recognition.

  • It recognizes and accepts Jesus and Moses as Prophets of Islam also

No, it co-opts them, twisting & distorting them in the process. For example, the second coming of Christ is to be martial, with Jesus leading Muslims in the final conquest, killing the Jews as cited above. Nay more, he will rule by the Qur’an, not his Gospel.

  • The coming of Jesus does not entail a separate divinely revealed law, for he will rule by the law of Muhammad. Reliance of the Traveler, Book O9.8
  • `Isa will at that time rule according to the Law of Muhammad , break the cross, kill the swine, banish the Jizyah and only accept Islam from the people. Tafsir Ibn Kathir

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